The control of money is dealt with in a business discipline which is called finance. It includes how individuals can monitor and maintain their investment activities that are expected to bring many pleasurable results regarding revenue. The field of finance, thus, encompasses the scrutiny and management of different risks that might interfere with an individual or organization’s capital. Capital in finance is always weighed with a comparison to the rate of investment returns, the value of assets and the possible risks that they face. Three different types are used to describe the finance discipline as it is a pervasive field.
Personal finance involves all the financial occurrences that affect an individual. Having considered this, the financial position of a person is looked into with regards to the environmental factors that can influence his financial position to determine how they will bring about the changes. In consideration is the net cash flow that occurs as a result of movement of money into and out of a person’s hands and his ideal status in regards to his financial capabilities. The need for trying to establish mechanisms through which to improve a person’s finances or make them remain constant stems from the knowledge an individual gathers about his current financial level. The the entire process involved in the acts of trying to identify the probable future unforeseen certainties and embarking on establishing measures to combat them, working on how to manage the various taxes, coming up with the objectives of investments and the arrangement of retirement plans helps in the accomplishment of the planning.
Corporate finance focuses on how organizations get their finances and the necessary procedures that those in charge of the organization undertake to ensure that shareholders interest of value addition is attained. The practice of minimizing the risks a business faces and in the process create profit for the organization and the its owners is what the discipline of corporate finance deals with.
With regards to the field, the allocation of money to the various investment ventures that are considered worthy to pursue despite the numerous alternatives that may be in place. Capital acquisition is also very essential in determining the financial status of an organization.
Public Finance encompasses the financial activities of the various governing bodies of a region such as country, province, municipality and county governments. For the reason for serving the needs of the citizens, the governing authority engages in investment activities that can address those needs. The governing body is tasked with looking at how capital for the project will be acquired and how it will be paid back.